Analisis Bibliometrik: Kompetensi Individu Kepemimpinan Transformasional

Diyah Siregar - PPM School of Management, DKI Jakarta , & Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen PPM, DKI Jakarta , &
Yunita Kemalasari - Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen PPM, DKI Jakarta


This research aim is to provide an extensive bibliometric literature review on transformational leadership as a term and concept using Publish and Perish (PoP) software, Mendeley software, and a database of the Scopus index. Articles were located through PoP software based on the Scopus index database. 171 articles were refined and analyzed from various qualifying journals from 1993 to September 2023 (36 years). Mendeley software was used to help manage references and a brief resume of each article. The grouping process is assisted by VOSviewer software by matching words that frequently appear in each group. The groups produced through VOSviewer software provide an overview and flow of research on transformational leadership, which still needs to focus on the antecedents of transformational leadership. Competencies that are essential in forming transformational leadership from VOSviewer results are minimal. This result will provide opportunities for future research. Researchers and practitioners must pay attention to trends and research areas in transformational leadership to enhance the development of transformational leadership theory.


Transformational Leadership; Competency; Bibliometric Analysis; Mendeley; Scopus Index; VOSviewer


Alosani, M. S., Al-Dhaafri, H. S., & Awadh Abdulla, A. (2021). Investigating the role of HRM practices on service innovation: Empirical evidence from UAE government agencies. Management Research Review, 44(1), 1–24.

Álvarez, O., Castillo, I., Molina-García, V., & Balague, G. (2016). Transformational leadership on the athletic field: An international review. Journal of Sport Psychology, 25(2), 319–326.

Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Batistic, S., Cerne, M., and Vogel, B. (2017). Just how multi-level is leadership research? A document co-citation analysis 1980–2013 on leadership constructs and outcomes. Leadership Quartely, 28(1), 86–103.

Braun, S., Peus, C., Weisweiler, S., & Frey, D. (2013). Transformational leadership, job satisfaction, and team performance: A multilevel mediation model of trust. Leadership Quarterly, 24(1), 270–283.

Chen, Y. S., & Chang, C. H. (2013). The determinants of green product development performance: green dynamic capabilities, green transformational leadership, and green creativity. Journal of Business Ethics, 116(1), 107–119.

Dvir, T., Eden, D., Avolio, B. J., & Shamir, B. (2002). Impact of transformational leadership on follower development and performance: A field experiment. The Academy of Management Journal, 45(4), 735-744.

Fahimnia, B., Sarkis, J., & Davarzani, H. (2015). Green supply chain management: A review and bibliometric analysis. International Journal of Production Economics (Vol. 162, pp. 101–114). Elsevier B.V.

García-Morales, V. J., Jiménez-Barrionuevo, M. M., & Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, L. (2012). Transformational leadership influence on organizational performance through organizational learning and innovation. Journal of Business Research, 65(7), 1040–1050.

Garza-Reyes, J. A. (2015). Lean and green-a systematic review of the state of the art literature. Journal of Cleaner Production, 102, 18–29.

Hitt, M.A., Miller C.C., Colella A., and Triana, M. (2017). Introduction to organizational behavior. 5th Edition. E-Wiley.

Hoch, J. E., Bommer, W. H., Dulebohn, J. H., & Wu, D. (2018). Do ethical, authentic, and servant leadership explain variance above and beyond transformational leadership? a meta-analysis. Journal of Management, 44(2), 501–529.

Howell, J. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, locus of control, and support for innovation: Key predictors of consolidated-business-unit performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(6), 891–902.

Jung, D. I., & Sosik, J. J. (2002). Transformational leadership in work groups: the role of empowerment, cohesiveness, and collective-efficacy on perceived group performance. Small Group Research, 3(3), 313-336.

Schaubroeck, J., Lam, S. S. K., & Cha, S. E. (2007). Embracing transformational leadership: team values and the impact of leader behavior on team performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(4), 1020–1030.

Shamir, B., House, R. J., & Arthur, M. B. (1993). The motivational effects of charismatic leadership: A self-concept based theory. Organization Science, 4(4), 577–594.

Singh, S. K., Giudice, M. Del, Chierici, R., & Graziano, D. (2020). Green innovation and environmental performance: The role of green transformational leadership and green human resource management. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 150.

Tal, D., & Gordon, A. (2016). Leadership of the present, current theories of multiple involvements: A bibliometric analysis. Scientometrics, 107(1), 259–269.

van Eck, N.J. and Waltman, L. (2010). Software survei: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, Vol. 84, No. 2, pp.523–538 [online] 10.1007/s11192-009-0146-3

Walumbwa, F. O., & Avolio, B. J. (2008). How transformational leadership weaves its influence on individual job performance: The role of identification and efficacy beliefs. Personnel Psychology, 61(4), 793-825.

Wang, G., Oh, I. S., Courtright, S. H., & Colbert, A. E. (2011). Transformational leadership and performance across criteria and levels: a meta-analytic review of 25 years of research. In Group and Organization Management (Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 223–270).

Wang, H. J., Demerouti, E., & Le Blanc, P. (2017). Transformational leadership, adaptability, and job crafting: The moderating role of organizational identification. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 100, 185–195.

Wang, H., Law, K. S., Kong, H., Hackett, R. D., Wang, D., & Chen, Z. X. (2005). Leader–member exchange as a mediator of the relationship between transformational leadership and followers’ performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), 420-433.


Citation Format:


JMBR Editorial Office: PPM School of Management, Jl. Menteng Raya 9-19 Jakarta 10340 Phone: 021-2300313 ext 2354

View My Stats


JMBR is using CC BY License

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.